Moral Relativism

Moral Relativism

Steven Lukes / Dec 14, 2019

Moral Relativism Everyone holds beliefs So what gives us the right to judge the behaviour of other people in a world where moralities are diverse and conflicting In an age of mass immigration religious extremism and

  • Title: Moral Relativism
  • Author: Steven Lukes
  • ISBN: 9781846680090
  • Page: 357
  • Format: Paperback
  • Everyone holds beliefs So what gives us the right to judge the behaviour of other people in a world where moralities are diverse and conflicting In an age of mass immigration, religious extremism and widespread terrorism there has never been a pressing time to address issues of global morality.

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      Posted by:Steven Lukes
      Published :2019-09-13T00:34:29+00:00

    About "Steven Lukes"

      • Steven Lukes

        Steven Michael Lukes is a political and social theorist Currently he is a professor of politics and sociology at New York University He was formerly a professor at the University of Siena, the European University Institute Florence and the London School of Economics.


    143 Comments

    1. Although he is very aware (and succinctly delineates) the issues of “cognitive relativism” that underpin cultural, moral, and social relativism, the refreshing part of Steven Lukes’ Moral Relativism is that he applies a sociological, as well as philosophical, perspective to the issues. Without surrendering the truth in relativism, he also recognizes the need for some kind of objective standard in ethics. Where can that objective standard be found? Lukes’ answer seems to be in justificati [...]


    2. I was disappointed by Steven Lukes Moral Relativism. I had expected an interesting treatise on the philosophical aspects of moral relativism, but instead the book is grounded more in sociology and anthropology, which, by personal taste, I find less engaging.Lukes makes some interesting points about moral relativism. He asserts that there are two kinds of moral relativism. First is the concept that there are many moral systems instead of a single universal one; ian tribal peoples have a different [...]


    3. The book centers around two conflicting intuitions: 1) there are universal principles of right and wrong; and 2) who are we to judge other cultures? One chapter explores the notion of what a "culture" is and comes to the conclusion that it eludes an easy definition. The final chapter of the book concludes that the second question is not a good question. Activists within societies challenge cultural institutions of their own societies such as female genital mutilation and wife-beating, and it is [...]


    4. I'm declining to rate because I'm not well-versed in this topic to determine how well and how impartially the author had presented his argument. But it was a clear and concise argument, with sufficient background to aid the reader's understanding.


    5. در آغاز بگذارید بگویم، «نسبی گرایی اخلاقی» کتابی کوچک درباره موضوعی بزرگ و جنجال برانگیز است. هرچند گفتن اینکه این کتاب حجمش کوچک است به این معنی نیست که محتوای آن سبک است و در واقع این کتاب محصول بیش از سی سال یک متفکر برجسته در این زمینه است. نتایج پروفسور لوکس ممکن است که برا [...]


    6. Moral Relativism is a topic that has been coming up more and more in my life as I find myself at odds with those around me on the true nature of morality. Moral Relativism can mean so many different things though. I only know that I believe morality to be a construct of the human mind, and therefore fluid and subjective.I was hoping to get more enlightenment on the Philosophy of Moral Relativism with this book. Unfortunately it was more of a Sociological book about the clashes of morality when c [...]


    7. This book is slim and "sweet" about Moral Relativism.It goes through the history and development, starting with Montaigne, explaining why the idea gained currency recently, especially in Anthropology, and then pokes some holes. At some point he says Moral Relativism is a non-sequitur, after he has spent 159 pages defining it. Relativism is an antidote to Absolutism, but not a perfect solutionA quote he uses which was memorable by Robert Frost explains the problem rather well: "a liberal is a man [...]


    8. Does anyone know what this guy is talking about? Are any of these sentence structures legal? You know, I'm taking a philosophy class in school and I totally love it, which is why this book caught my eye. I wanted to read about this topic and educate myself outside of class, but I just can't do it with this book. I got through the preface and the first couple pages of the first chapter, and to be honest, it just seems like he highlighted each word, clicked the 'Synonyms' button, and chose the las [...]


    9. A fascinating and complex subject, thoroughly covered. Alas, the author ruins most of the reading experience with his insistance on structuring the whole book on quotations from other writers. No page without quotes, sometimes up to a dozen per page, resulting in a dull staccato text which is more tiring than enlightening.




    10. Lukes' Moral Relativism offers the best and most thoughtful introduction to the subject that I have come across. If nothing else, the opening chapters provide the background and history that illustrates the appeal of moral relativism to, particularly, anthropologists. Those reading the very short book will definitely leave with a challenged view of the seriousness and strength of relativism as a philosophical position, and understand the way that the position makes its way into postmodern litera [...]


    11. I'm still puzzling over how I feel about this quote from the book "Swidler cites as one example the small role played in young women's career plans and family choices by values and plans as opposed to their immediate situations: "a first job which works out, or a boyfriend who does not.""The entire book was colored for me by the women's issues it brought up. There was an amazing focus on women, their sexual rights, status, discipline, right to mutilate [women:] that I just did not anticipate rea [...]


    12. I never had must interest in ethics, and so I figured that this small version would be a nice look at the state of contemporary ethics - which I would say it succeeds at, however superficially some of the content is gone over. For me though, true ethics starts with Kant and ends with Nietzsche. It is for this very reason that I have never taken much interest in it. Ethics today is more an issue of politics than it is one of "living the good life," and I feel that this shows through with the cont [...]


    13. This is admittedly a pretty high-altitude examination of the subject, so someone seeking a more sophisticated treatment from a particular disciplinary perspective (e.g philosophy, anthropology, moral psychology) should look elsewhere. Yet if one wants a philosophically astute and sociologically informed discussion that raises plenty of interesting questions to be pursued in greater depth, I would definitely recommend this.


    14. I come across more and more of my students who think that morals are "just personal". I had one person tell me she thought murder was wrong, but she didn't think she could impose that view on anyone else. I asked her what she would think if i murdered her parents. She replied, "I would think that was awful, but I don't think I could force you to think it was". This book is a good antidote to those kinds of views but takes seriously the idea that there is value pluralism.


    15. What begins as an analytic assessment of moral relativism begins to develop into a diatribe that questions the value of pluralism, univeralism amongst other social theories without fully defining, supporting or opposing moral relativism. Only its conclusion can really be seen as focusing specifically on the subject.


    16. This is a solid, succinct little book about how we can all get along and improve our treatment of humanity in general.




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